Legal Memorandum: Awarding custody or visitation of children

Issue: What are the factors considered by a court when awarding child custody in (the state of) California?

Area of Law: Family Law
Keywords: ; Family Law; Children & Child Custody
Jurisdiction: California
Cited Cases: 235 Cal.App.4th 1102
Cited Statutes: None
Date: 11/01/2015

Arizona Rev. Stat. § 12-349 discusses the requirements for imposing appropriate sanctions for abusive litigation against an opposing party. The statute states:

A.               Except as otherwise provided by and not inconsistent with another statute, in any civil action commenced or appealed in a court of record in this state, the court shall assess reasonable attorney fees, expenses and, at the court’s discretion, double damages of not to exceed five thousand dollars against an attorney or party, including this state and political subdivisions of this state, if the attorney or party does any of the following:


1.       Brings or defends a claim without substantial justification.

2.       Brings or defends a claim solely or primarily for delay or harassment.

3.       Unreasonably expands or delays the proceeding.

4.       Engages in abuse of discovery.

B.                The court may allocate the payment of attorney fees among the offending attorneys and parties, jointly or severally, and may assess separate amounts against an offending attorney or party.


C.      Attorney fees shall not be assessed if after filing an action a voluntary dismissal is filed for any claim or defense within a reasonable time after the attorney or party filing the dismissal knew or reasonably should have known that the claim or defense was without substantial justification.

D.      This section does not apply to the adjudication of civil traffic violations or to […]


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