Legal Memorandum: Bankruptcy Code and the Fraudulent Transfer Act

Issue: What is the difference between The Bankruptcy Code and the Fraudulent Transfer Act?

Area of Law: Bankruptcy & Creditors Rights
Keywords: Bankruptcy code; Fraudulent transfer act
Jurisdiction: Federal
Cited Cases: 196 S.E. 58; 991 F.2d 1428; 87 N.E.2d 299; 515 N.W.2d 183; 850 F.2d 1275; 63 P.3d 1029
Cited Statutes: 37 C.J.S. Fraudulent Transfers § 3
Date: 02/01/2013

The Bankruptcy Code and the Fraudulent Transfer Act have decidedly different purposes: the former to wipe out as much debt as possible in order to give the innocent but unfortunate debtor a fresh start and a clear field for the future, and the latter to prevent debtors from placing property that legitimately should be available to satisfy creditors’ demands out of the reach of those creditors.  See Marrama v. Citizens Bank of Mass., 549 U.S. 365, 367 (2007) (noting the purpose of the Bankruptcy Code); 37 C.J.S. Fraudulent Transfers § 3 (2012) (explaining the purpose of fraudulent-transfer statutes). (citing Cohen, 523 U.S. at 218 (expressly noting Congress’s purpose behind the Bankruptcy Code); Hullett v. Cousin, 63 P.3d 1029, 1034 (Ariz. 2003) (relying on a bankruptcy case, In re W.R. Grace & Co., 281 B.R. 852, 862 (Bankr. D. Del. 2002), for the cited proposition); In re Bellanca Aircraft Corp., 56 B.R. 339, 381 (Bankr. D. Minn. 1985) (bankruptcy antecedent-debt case) Aff’d & remanded, 850 F.2d 1275 (8th Cir. 1988).  Agricultural Stabilization & Conservation Serv. v. Gerth, 991 F.2d 1428, 1431-34 (8th Cir. 1993) (bankruptcy setoff case)).  

The Hullett case points out that although the UFTA’s definition of claim is unquestionably broadly worded, a claim still must be an enforceable obligation.  63 P.3d at 1034.  “[T]his requirement ‘has a long history.'”  Id. (quoting Jahner v. Jacob, 515 N.W.2d 183, 185 (N.D. 1994)).  The rationale for […]

Subscribe to Litigation Pathfinder

To get the full-text of this Legal Memorandum ... and more!

(Month-to-month and annual subscriptions available)