Legal Memorandum: Breach of Contract Claim in VI

Issue: What elements are necessary to form a valid breach of contract claim in Virginia?

Area of Law: Business Organizations & Contracts, Litigation & Procedure
Keywords: Breach of contract claim; Elements
Jurisdiction: Virginia
Cited Cases: None
Cited Statutes: Va. Code Ann. § 8.01-246(2), (4); Va. Code Ann. § 8.01-25
Date: 06/01/2012

Under Virginia law, the plaintiff bears the burden to prove each of the essential elements of a breach of contract claim by a preponderance of the evidence.  Geske v. Alizon (Va. Cir. Ct. July 6, 2006).  There are three essential elements plaintiff must show:  (1) there must be a legally enforceable obligation that defendant owes plaintiff; (2) defendant must breach this obligation; and (3) there must be damage caused by the breach.  Filak v. George, 594 S.E.2d 610, 619 (Va. 2004).  In addition, to maintain an action on breach of contract, plaintiff must bring the action within five years of breach on a written contract and within three years on an oral one.  Va. Code Ann. § 8.01-246(2), (4).  Further, where the party alleged to have breached a contract is dead, the plaintiff must show that the cause of action against the decedent survived his death.  See Va. Code Ann. § 8.01-25; Rutter v. Jones, Blechman, Woltz & Kelly, 568 S.E.2d 693, 695 (Va. 2002).


Subscribe to Litigation Pathfinder

To get the full-text of this Legal Memorandum ... and more!

(Month-to-month and annual subscriptions available)