Issue: Under California law, is intent required to prove a charge of aiding and abetting?
|Area of Law:||Criminal Law|
|Keywords:||Aiding and abetting; Intent|
While many aiding and abetting cases may be located, including People v. Verlinde, 100 Cal. App. 4th 1146 (Ct. App. 2002), these cases clearly establish intent or knowledge of the defendant as an element of aiding and abetting liability.