Issue: Under federal law, as applied in Hawaii, does 42 U.S.C. 1983 permit a plaintiff to bring a claim for violations of the Commerce Clause?
|Area of Law:||Constitutional Law, Litigation & Procedure|
|Keywords:||Commerce Clause; Claims for injunctive and declaratory relief; Monetary damage|
|Cited Cases:||48 F.3d 391|
|Cited Statutes:||42 U.S.C. § 1983|
The law is clear that 42 U.S.C. § 1983 permits claims for injunctive and declaratory relief and monetary damages against appropriate defendants for violations of the Commerce Clause of the Constitution. Dennis v. Higgins, 498 U.S. 439, 440-41 (1991); Kleenwell Biohazard Waste v. Nelson & Gen. Ecology Consultants, Inc., 48 F.3d 391, 393 (9th Cir. 1995).