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Legal Memorandum: Conclusiveness of Foreign Judgments in MH

Issue: Under the law of the Marshall Islands, under what circumstances will a foreign judgment not be deemed conclusive under the Uniform Foreign Money-Judgments Recognition Act?

Area of Law: Litigation & Procedure
Keywords: Foreign judgment; The Uniform Foreign Money-Judgments Recognition Act (UFMJRA); Conclusive and enforceable
Jurisdiction: Marshall Islands
Cited Cases: 804 So. 2d 1226; 955 F. 2d 875; 51 Wash. App. 749
Cited Statutes: 30 MIRC ch. 4, § 403; Section 405 of the Act
Date: 01/01/2010

The Uniform Foreign Money-Judgments Recognition Act (UFMJRA), codified at 30 MIRC ch. 4, applies to any foreign judgment granting recovery of a sum of money “that is final and conclusive and enforceable where rendered even though an appeal therefrom is pending, or subject to appeal.”  30 MIRC § 403.  A foreign judgment meeting those requirements is conclusive between the parties to the extent it grants recovery of a sum of money, except as provided in Section 405 of the Act.  Id. § 404.  As explained by the court in Nadd v. Le Credit Lyonnais, S.A., 804 So. 2d 1226 (Fla. 2001), when applying Florida’s enactment of the UFMJRA:

[T]he first question in the recognition process is whether or not the foreign judgment is “final and conclusive and enforceable’ in the country where the judgment was rendered. . . . .  Because there is no argument that the judgment does not meet the above-stated criteria, it is entitled to recognition unless one of the grounds for non-recognition enumerated in [the Act] is applicable.

 

804 So. 2d at 1231 (footnote omitted). 

Section 405 lists a number of exceptions under which a court must deem a foreign judgment not conclusive or may elect not to recognize the foreign judgment:

(1) A foreign judgment is not conclusive if:

(a) the judgment was rendered under a system which does not provide impartial tribunals or procedures compatible with the requirements of due process of […]

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