Issue: Under Rule 26 of the Massachusetts Rules of Civil Procedure, under what circumstances is a party entitled to take the deposition of nonparties?
|Area of Law:||Litigation & Procedure|
|Keywords:||Deposition on nonparties; Scope of discovery|
|Cited Cases:||437 U.S. 340; 467 N.E.2d 143|
|Cited Statutes:||Mass. R. Civ. P. 26(b)(1)|
Rule 26 of the Massachusetts Rules of Civil Procedure provides that parties may obtain discovery of any non-privileged matter that is relevant to the subject matter of the pending action, including the identity and location of persons having knowledge of any discoverable matter. Mass. R. Civ. P. 26(b)(1). The scope of discovery is very broad. It is not limited to issues raised by the pleadings, since discovery itself is intended to help define and clarify the issues. E.g., Cronin v. Strayer, 392 Mass. 525, 467 N.E.2d 143, 149 (1984); accord Oppenheimer Fund, Inc. v. Sanders, 437 U.S. 340, 351 (1978); Hickman v. Taylor, 329 U.S. 495, 500-01 (1947).