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Legal Memorandum: Elements of a Motion to Strike

Issue: What are the elements of a proper Motion to Strike in California?

Area of Law: Litigation & Procedure
Keywords: Motion to strike; Court's discretion
Jurisdiction: California
Cited Cases: None
Cited Statutes: Cal. Civ. Proc. Code § 436; § 3294 (a)
Date: 09/01/2008

Motions to strike are committed largely to the Court’s discretion.  See Cal. Civ. Proc. Code § 436A s "Cal Civ. Proc. Code § 436" . 

While allegations of motive may not be strictly essential to the fraud cause of action, they are not improper.  It is an abuse of discretion to strike matters that although not absolutely necessary to the cause of action, are not otherwise improper.  Cal. Farm & Fruit Co. v. Schiappa-Pietra (1907) 151 Cal. 732, 745; see Cal. Civ. Proc. Code § 436.

California expressly recognizes that exemplary or punitive damages may be allowed for “oppression, fraud, or malice.”  Cal. Civ. Code § 3294 (a) (emphasis added).

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