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Legal Memorandum: Extradition Treaties for White-Collar Crimes

Issue: What white-collar crimes are subject to extradition treaties between the United States and Panama?

Area of Law: Criminal Law, International Law & Global Trade
Keywords: Extradition treaties; White-collar crimes; US and Panama
Jurisdiction: Federal, International
Cited Cases: None
Cited Statutes: Extradition Treaty, U.S.-Panama, art. I, May 25, 1904, 34 Stat. 2851
Date: 10/01/2007

The U.S.-Panama Extradition Treaty dates back to May 25, 1904, calls for the extradition of “persons who, having been charged with or convicted of any of the crimes and offenses specified in [the Treaty], committed within the jurisdiction of one of the contracting parties, shall seek an asylum or be found within the territories of the other” if the offense charged constitutes a crime in the country in which the person is found.  Extradition Treaty, U.S.-Panama, art. I, May 25, 1904, 34 Stat. 2851.  The Treaty enumerates the following non-violent crime among its extraditable offenses: 

§     Forgery;

§     Counterfeiting;

§     Embezzlement;

§     Fraud and breach of trust “by a bailee, banker, agent, factor, trustee, or other person acting in a fiduciary capacity, or director or member or officer of any company, when such act is made criminal by the laws of both countries and the amount of money or the value of the property misappropriated is not less than two hundred dollars;”

§     Perjury; and

§     Bribery.

Id., art. II.  Neither country is bound to surrender its own citizens upon a request for extradition.  Id., art. V.

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