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Legal Memorandum: Extradition Treaties for White-Collar Crimes

Issue: What white-collar crimes are subject to extradition treaties between the United States and Belize?

Area of Law: Criminal Law, International Law & Global Trade
Keywords: Extradition treaties; White-collar crimes; US and Belize
Jurisdiction: Federal, International
Cited Cases: None
Cited Statutes: Extradition Treaty, U.S.-Belize, art. 2, cl. 1, Mar. 30, 2000, TIAS
Date: 10/01/2007

Signed on March 30, 2000, the U.S.-Belize Extradition Treaty operates similar to the U.S.-Mexico Extradition Treaty.  Like Mexico, the Treaty requires extradition of certain scheduled offenses and “any other offense, provided that . . . the offense is punishable under the laws of both [the United States and Belize] by deprivation of liberty for a period of more than one year or by a more severe punishment.  Extradition Treaty, U.S.-Belize, art. 2, cl. 1, Mar. 30, 2000, TIAS.  Unlike the Mexican Treaty, however, neither party may refuse extradition of its own nationals.  Id., art. 3.

The Treaty’s Appendix lists the following non-violent crime among its extraditable offenses: 

§     Theft;

§     Embezzlement;

§     Receiving or transporting stolen money or property;

§     Offenses against the laws relating to corporations or companies;

§     False accounting;

§     Fraud and deceit;

§     Offenses against the laws relating to bankruptcy;

§     Counterfeiting;

§     Forgery;

§     Extortion and bribery;

§     Perjury;

§     Obstruction of justice;

§     Money laundering;

§     Offenses against the laws relating to consumer protection;

§     Offenses against the laws relating to the protection of intellectual property; and

§     […]

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