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Legal Memorandum: Grounds to Deny a Motion for Dismissal

Issue: WHETHER A PLAINTIFF’S RULE 12(b)(6) MOTION FOR DISMISSAL OF THE COUNTERCLAIM MUST BE DENIED IF THE COUNTERCLAIM STATES A CLAIM UPON WHICH RELIEF CAN BE GRANTED.

Area of Law: Litigation & Procedure
Keywords: Motion for dismissal; Counterclaim; Wrongful use of civil proceedings
Jurisdiction: Federal
Cited Cases: 871 F.2d 331; 507 U.S. 163; 532 P.2d 1101; 566 F. Supp. 600; 216 Kan. 507; 948 F.2d 1402; 75 N.Y.S.2d 836
Cited Statutes: Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(b)(6), Rule 5; Restatement (Second) of Torts § 653, § 674
Date: 08/01/2005

Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(6) governs motions to dismiss for failure to state a claim upon which relief can be granted.  “In considering a Rule 12(b)(6) motion, the Court may dismiss a complaint if it appears certain the claimant cannot prove any set of facts in support of its claims which would entitle it to relief.”  Mruz v. Caring, Inc., 39 F. Supp. 2d 495, 500 (D.N.J. 1999) (Orlofsky, J.) (citing Ransom v. Marrazzo, 848 F.2d 398, 401 (3d Cir. 1988)). “While all well-pled allegations are accepted as true and reasonable inferences are drawn in the plaintiff’s favor, the Court may dismiss a complaint where, under any set of facts which could be shown to be consistent with a complaint, the plaintiff is not entitled to relief.”  Id. (citing Gomez v. Toledo, 446 U.S. 635, 636 (1980); Schrob v. Catterson, 948 F.2d 1402, 1405 (3d Cir.1991); Markowitz v. Northeast Land Co., 906 F.2d 100, 103 (3d Cir.1990)); see also Hishon v. King & Spalding, 467 U.S. 69, 73 (1984); Conley v. Gibson, 355 U.S. 41, 45-46 (1957).  The same standards applied to a complaint in connection with a motion to dismiss are utilized in addressing a motion to dismiss a counterclaim.  Schatt v. Curtis Mgmt. Group, Inc., 764 F. Supp. 902 (S.D.N.Y. 1991).  In deciding a motion to dismiss, this Court ordinarily may consider only the four corners of the pleadings.  Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(b).  If the Court considers any other matter, it must […]

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