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Legal Memorandum: Motion for Reconsideration in VI

Issue: When will the U.S. District Court for the Virgin Islands grant a motion for reconsideration?

Area of Law: Litigation & Procedure
Keywords: Motion for reconsideration; Amend, alter, correct or modify a judgment; Granted sparingly
Jurisdiction: Federal, Virgin Islands
Cited Cases: 352 F. Supp. 2d 526; 289 F. Supp. 2d 555; 779 F.2d 906; 807 F.2d 345; 372 F.3d 193; 312 F. Supp. 2d 731; 959 F. Supp. 270; 395 F.3d 1315; 661 F. Supp. 1063; 293 F. Supp. 2d 430
Cited Statutes: Fed. R. Civ. P. Rule 59(e)
Date: 03/01/2005

  The motion for reconsideration or to amend, alter, correct or modify a judgment is appropriate if the court failed to give relief on a claim on which it found that the party is entitled to relief, or if the judgment is wrong as a matter of law.  Creque v. Cintron, 17 V.I. 69, 73 (Terr. Ct. 1980).  A motion for reconsideration is the functional equivalent of a Rule 59(e) motion to alter or amend a judgment.  Fed. Kemper Ins. Co. v. Rauscher, 807 F.2d 345, 348 (3d Cir. 1986); Ciena Corp. v. Corvis Corp., 352 F. Supp. 2d 526, 527 (D. Del. 2005).

One purpose of the motion for reconsideration is to correct a clear error of law or prevent manifest injustice.  Selaras v. M/V Cartagena De Indias, 959 F. Supp. 270 (E.D. Pa. 1997) (quoting Harsco Corp. v. Zlotnicki, 779 F.2d 906, 909 (3d Cir. 1985)).  See Ciena Corp., 352 F. Supp. 2d 526 (Rule 59(e) motion is to correct manifest error of law or fact or to present newly discovered evidence); Gutierrez v. Ashcroft, 289 F. Supp. 2d 555, 561 (D.N.J. 2003) (same), aff’d on other grounds by Gutierrez v. Gonzales, No. 03-4798 (March 16, 2005).  Accord Bostic v. AT & T of the V.I., 312 F. Supp. 2d 731, 733 (D.V.I. 2004) (citing local federal rule regarding reconsideration).  A Rule 59 motion for reconsideration may be granted “when ‘dispositive […]

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