X

Legal Memorandum: Notice Requirement for a Default Judgment

Issue: When is notice to a non-answering defendant required before a default judgment may be entered under the laws of the Virgin Islands?

Area of Law: Litigation & Procedure
Keywords: Default judgment; Notice requirement; Non-answering defendant
Jurisdiction: Federal, Virgin Islands
Cited Cases: 834 F.2d 71; 359 F.2d 913; 822 F.2d 416; 695 F. Supp. 827; 84 F.3d 137; 4 F. Supp. 2d 931
Cited Statutes: Fed. R. Civ. P. 55(b)(2); Fed. R. Civ. P. 5(a); Fed. R. Civ. P. 55(b); Terr. Ct. R. 7
Date: 09/01/2004

On appeal of entry of a default judgment, the appellate court reviews the trial court’s decision for abuse of discretion.  EMCASCO Ins. Co. v. Sambrick, 834 F.2d 71, 74 (3d Cir. 1987) TA l "EMCASCO Ins. Co. v. Sambrick, 834 F.2d 71 (3d Cir. 1987)" s "EMCASCO Ins. Co. v. Sambrick," c 1 ; Camacho v. Dodge, 35 V.I. 160, 165 (D.V.I. 1996) TA l "Camacho v. Dodge, 35 V.I. 160 (D.V.I. 1996)" s "Camacho v. Dodge," c 1

The Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit has stated that it looks with disfavor upon default judgments as a general matter.  Zawadski de Bueno v. Bueno Castro, 822 F.2d 416, 420 (3d Cir. 1987) TA l "Zawadski de Bueno v. Bueno Castro, 822 F.2d 416 (3d Cir. 1987)" s "Zawadski de Bueno v. Bueno Castro," c 1 .  Any “doubts should be resolved in favor of setting aside the default and reaching the merits.”  Id. at 420 TA s "Zawadski de Bueno v. Bueno Castro," .  Accord Skinner v. Guess, 27 V.I. 193, 196 (D.V.I. 1992) TA l "Skinner v. Guess, 27 V.I. 193 (D.V.I. 1992)" s "Skinner v. Guess," c 1 .

When a party makes an appearance, he or she is entitled to notice of the application for the default judgment pursuant to Rule 55(b)(2) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure TA l "Rule 55(b)(2) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure" s […]

Subscribe to Litigation Pathfinder

To get the full-text of this Legal Memorandum ... and more!

(Month-to-month and annual subscriptions available)