Legal Memorandum: Pleading Special Matters – Conditions of Mind

Issue: Under federal law, what level of detail must be used when alleging a party’s state of mind?

Area of Law: Litigation & Procedure
Keywords: Person's state of mind; Malice, knowledge or intent; Fraud claim
Jurisdiction: Federal
Cited Cases: 658 F.3d 1282
Cited Statutes: Fed. R. Civ. P. 9(b)
Date: 12/01/2013


A person’s state of mind, including malice, knowledge or intent—even as part of a fraud claim—need not be pled with particularity but it is sufficient if pled, “generally.”  Fed. R. Civ. P. 9(b) TA l "Fed. R. Civ. P. 9(b)" s "Fed. R. Civ. P. 9(b)" c 4 ; FindWhat Investor Group v. FindWhat.com 658 F.3d 1282, 1296 (11th Cir. 2011) TA l "FindWhat Investor Group v. FindWhat.com 658 F.3d 1282 (11th Cir. ,2011)" s "FindWhat Investor Group v. FindWhat.com (11th Cir. ,2011)" c 1 .


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