Legal Memorandum: Proving Future Medical Expenses in MN

Issue: Under Minnesota law, what evidence is required to adequately establish future medical expenses as an element of damages?

Area of Law: Litigation & Procedure, Personal Injury & Negligence
Keywords: Future medical expenses; Evidence; Damages
Jurisdiction: Minnesota
Cited Cases: 450 N.W.2d 353
Cited Statutes: None
Date: 04/01/2013


To recover future medical expenses, a plaintiff must show two elements by a preponderance of evidence.  First, he must demonstrate that it is likely that future medical treatments will be required.  Second, he must establish the amount the expenses are likely to be. Lind v. Slowinski, 450 N.W.2d 353, 358 (Minn. Ct. App. 1990); Kwapien v. Starr, 400 N.W.2d 179, 184 (Minn. Ct. App. 1987).   

Expert testimony is not the exclusive means of proving future damage.  See Pagett v. No. Elec. Supply Co., 167 N.W.2d 58, 65 (Minn. 1969); Gensler v. Paulson, No. A04-609 at *3 (Minn. Ct. App. Jan. 25, 2005) (unpublished) (noting that record containing evidence of past treatment and life expectancy was sufficient).


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