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Legal Memorandum: Waiver of Issues for Appeal

Issue: Does a party waive issues for appeal by failing to raise them at trial?

Area of Law: Litigation & Procedure
Keywords: Waiver of issues for appeal; Failure to raise issue
Jurisdiction: Federal, Virgin Islands
Cited Cases: 7 F.3d 1110; 198 F.3d 100
Cited Statutes: None
Date: 09/01/2007

“It is well-established that failure to raise an issue in the district court constitutes a waiver of the argument.”  Gass v. Virgin Islands Tel. Corp., 311 F.3d 237, 246 (3d Cir. 2002) TA l "Gass v. Virgin Islands Tel. Corp., 311 F.3d 237, 246 (3d Cir. 2002)" s "Gass v. Virgin Islands Tel. Corp., 311 F.3d 237, 246 (3d Cir. 2002)" c 1  (quoting Med. Protective Co. v. Watkins, 198 F.3d 100, 105-06 n.3 (3d Cir. 1999) TA l "Med. Protective Co. v. Watkins, 198 F.3d 100, 105-06 n.3 (3d Cir. 1999)" s "Med. Protective Co. v. Watkins, 198 F.3d 100, 105-06 n.3 (3d Cir. 1999)" c 1 ).  Appellate courts “only depart from this rule when ‘manifest injustice would result’ from failure to consider a novel issue.”  Id.

There is nothing about the collateral estoppel argument that implicates a “novel issue.”  And certainly, “manifest injustice” will not result from this Court’s refusal to hear the collateral estoppel contention.  There can be no “manifest injustice” to a party when that party has an alternative forum for its claims or defenses.  Pritzker v.  Merrill, Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Smith, Inc., 7 F.3d 1110, 1115 (3d Cir. 1993) TA l "Pritzker v.  Merril, Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Smith, Inc., 7 F.3d 1110, 1115 (3d Cir. 1993)" s "Pritzker v.  Merril, Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Smith, Inc., 7 F.3d 1110, 1115 (3d Cir. 1993)" c 2 .

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